On-Line References

The links below provide resources for the further investigation of King Arthur, both the legend and person. This list is by no means comprehensive and will be added to as the Arthur Project grows. If you would like to submit a link for inclusion here, please use the Contact link below.

A Bibliographic Guide to Arthurian Literature / http://www.arthuriana.co.uk/concepts/arthlit.htm
This page forms a part of the Arthurian resources website and provides a bibliographical guide to the medieval Welsh manuscripts concerning the Arthurian legend. Fuller discussion and interpretation of these sources is found in other sections of the site including 'The Historicity and Historicisation of Arthur' and 'Concepts of Arthur'.

Arthur's Name / http://www.geocities.com/~dubricius/csana94.pdf
This PDF document traces the meaning of the name Arthur, in both its British and Romano-British forms. The Bear-man as a rallying point for all in Britain opposed to the expansion of the Saxon and related invaders at once recalled the tenacity of the bear in defence as well as the constellation of the Bear and the bright star Acturus. Presented in Griffen, T 1994, Arthur's name, Celtic Studies Association of North America, Athens, Georgia.

King Arthur - The True Story / http://www.grahamphillips.net/Books/Arthur.htm
The official website of Graham Phillips, this page serves as a gateway to the book King Arthur - The True Story by Graham Phillips and Martin Keatman (1992, Arrow) in which Owain Ddantgwyn is identified as Arthur, the Bear. Owain is placed in Powys, based in Viroconium. The Cunedda family is shown to be active throughout the British kingdoms following the time of Ambrosius. Badon and Camlann are explored.

Legends: King Arthur and the Matter of Britain / http://legends.duelingmodems.com/kingarthur/index.html
Part of the 'Legends' website, King Arthur and the Matter of Britain extends the reader an array of websites pertaining to Arthuriana, and contains subsections on Arthur related characters and authors.

King Arthur and Cunoglasus / http://www.angelfire.com/md/devere/urse.html
An exploration of Cunoglasus, prince of Rhos and the identity of Arthur. The passage in Gildas 32:1-2 that refers to the 'Bear', central to many investigations into the historical referencing of Arthur is provided at http://www.angelfire.com/md/devere/gildas.html as an English translation with the Latin provided.

Owain Ddantgwyn and the Identity of King Arthur / http://www.kessler-web.co.uk/History/FeaturesBritain/CymruOwain&Arthur.htm
This page forms a part of the Kessler Associates website. Outlines the reasoning behind identifying Owain Ddantgwyn of Rhos as King Arthur. Explores the 'Bear' reference in Gildas (32: 1-2) and the father of Owain, Enniaun Yrth son of Cunedda and King of Gwynedd who would correspond to Uther Pendragon of Geoffrey's Historia.

Cynglas: The 'Tawny Butcher'? / http://www.stormpages.com/cynglas/
An exploration of the text of Gildas (32: 1-2) in which the Prince of Rhos, Cynglas/Cunoglasus is condemned. He is called the 'Tawny Butcher', although Cynglas would normally be read as Blue Dog. An etymological journey reveals the insult Gildas was delivering.

A Short History of Arthurian Archaeology / http://www.jammed.com/~mlb/arthur.html
This page presents information about the archaeology of Tintagel and Cadbury, two popular sites associated with the Arthur legend. Written for Archaeology of Europe by Biehl, M 1991.

The High Kings of Britain / http://www.history.kessler-web.co.uk/KingListsBritain/BritainHighKings.htm
A list of the High Kings of Britain; based on and extended from the list in Geoffrey's Historia. A great launch point for the Kessler Associates website.

On Sir Gawain and the Green Knight / http://www.mala.bc.ca/~johnstoi/introser/gawain.htm
The text of a lecture presented by Ian Johnston for students in Liberal Studies at Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, Canada, in December 2001 that explores the nature of the play as an Heroic Quest Narrative, and takes particular attention to scrutinise the virtues of Sir Gawain and his attempts to maintain their integrity in the face of temptation and adversity - and extends this to the character of Arthur's court, the civilised world it represents, and questions the capacity of individuals and societies to learn lessons from experience.

Sub-Roman Britain: an Introduction /http://www.the-orb.net/encyclop/early/origins/rom_celt/romessay.html
Christopher Snyder provides an introduction into the period of British history spanning the fifth and sixth centuries. With their independence from the Roman Empire, the sub-Roman Britons developed a culture comprising a hybrid of Roman, native British ie Celtic and Christian elements. The first two centuries of the Early Middle Ages, this period also saw the birth of new medieval kingdoms that would become England, Scotland, and Wales.

King Arthur's Court - Knights and Ladies of Arthur's realm / http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/mainmenu.htm
Part of The Camelot Project website, this menu page provides access to a wealth of information about principle Knights and Ladies found in the Arthurian Romances, as well as magical items such as Excalibur.

British Archaeology - Roman commanders Dark Age kings / http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba63/feat1.shtml
A feature article of BA on-line Feb 2002 by Tony Wilmott, reporting that after Roman rule ended in Britain, military units on Hadrian's Wall seized control of local areas in the northern military zone.

The Origins of the Arthurian Legend / http://faculty.smu.edu/bwheeler/ARTHUR/ashe.pdf
Written by Geoffrey Ashe in 1995 for the Arthuriana journal vol. 5, this PDF file examines the relative worth of pursuing an historical Arthur or following the Arthur of literature and coming to conclusions about the meaning of Arthur.

New beginnings: The transition from Roman to Anglo-Saxon Britain / http://www.smr.herefordshire.gov.uk/saxon_viking/beginnings.htm
Miranda Green of Historic Hereford on-line writes about the years after the Roman departure when the identity of Britain changed as it progressively became 'England'.

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle / http://omacl.org/Anglo/part1.html
The Online Medieval and Classic library publishes the text of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle; of particular interest is the entry for AD 449.

St Gildas and the pestilent dragon / http://www.mun.ca/mst/heroicage/issues/6/gildas.html
W. J. Edens explores the pilgrimage episode in the Life of Gildas by the Monk of Ruys. An approach is taken to identify the date of the pilgrimage in light of the Yellow Death pandemic and the events in the Mediterranean world.

C@erleon Net - Geoffrey of Monmouth / http://www.caerleon.net/history/geoffrey/
Caerleon Net presents portions of the 'Historia Regum Brittaniae', taken from the 1718 Latin to English translation by Aaron Thompson which in turn followed for the most part Commeline's 1587 edition of the original.

Excalibur / http://www.scifiscripts.com/scripts/excalibur.txt
This is the script of the 1981 Arthurian film, Excalibur.

Alfred Tennyson by Andrew Lang (1844-1912) Chapter VII The Idylls of the King / http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/alang/bl-alang-aten-7.htm
A nineteenth century review of Tennyson's works, Andrew Lang writes "The Idylls may probably be best considered in their final shape: they are not an epic, but a series of heroic idyllia of the same genre as the heroic idyllia of Theocritus".

Bruckheimer does King Arthur one more time - The Once and Future Film / http://scifi.about.com/cs/scifimoviesaz/a/aa071703.htm
Julia Houston presents a review of the movie King Arthur (2004), following the motive for the popularity of Arthur and the timeliness of this movie following the events of 2001 in America and its aftermath.

King Arthur in the sky / http://www.geocities.com/dagonet_uk/arthstar.htm
Michael Wild presents an exploration of Arthur and the star Arcturus.

Glastonbury Abbey - Chapter Eight Arthur, Avolon and the Bridge Perilous / http://www.gothicimage.co.uk/books/glastabbey-ch8.html
James P. Carly introduces the Arthurian connections to Glastonbury Abbey.

Bulfinch Mythology - Age of Chivalry Legends of King Arthur / http://classiclit.about.com/library/bl-etexts/tbulfinch/bl-tbulfinch-chiv-3.htm
Reproduction of the text of James Bulfinch (1796-1867): A history of King Arthur providing particulars of his life which appear to rest on historical evidence, and those legends concerning him which form the earliest portion of British literature.

Marion Zimmer Bradley - The Mists of Avalon / http://www.greenmanreview.com/avalon.omni.htm
Michelle Erica Green presents a review of the popular fictional series 'The Mists of Avalon', describing the social impact of the series on the emergence of a spiritual movement in the late twentieth century.